How to Study

Here are a few ideas of how you could help your child to study in order to improve their chances for success during the examination.
Find a good place to study. This means a desk with nothing on it except what you need for the task you are going to work on. Move everything out of the way. You want to concentrate on one thing: studying. Have a regular time and place for studying.


Make sure you have the following:

  • Your assignment notebook
  • Solid flat surface for writing
  • Good lighting
  • Chair
  • Books
  • Supplies
  • Clock
  • Eliminate all distractions
  • Computer (optional)
  • Wear your glasses (if you are supposed to)
  • Good Health
Getting More from What You Read!


A good reader does as many of the following as possible:

  • Seizes the main ideas
  • Thinks about what the author is saying
  • Is active not passive
  • Concentrates on what is being read
  • Remembers as much as possible
  • Applies what is being read to personal experience

Think about the subject you are going to read about.

  • What do you know about this subject?
  • What do you want to learn about this subject?
  • After you read, what have you learned about this subject?

Skim the section you are going to read.

  • Do you see anything familiar?
  • Do you see anything new?
  • What is your overall impression?

Read for comprehension – Make a note of important parts.

  • Think of where else you might find more information about he same topic. “I bet there would be something in my history book about this, too.”
  • Use a post-it note or an index card and write down important main ideas and vocabulary. This will help you review what you have read.
  • Recall to yourself what you have just read.
  • Stop and re-read ideas that you are not sure you understand.
  • Stop occasionally as you are reading and put into your own words what you have just read.
  • At the end of a chapter, recall what the main points were.
  • Discuss what you have read with another student or with your teacher. This will help you clarify your thinking.

Textbooks – More Details

  • Read the Title and Author of the text.
  • When was it published?
  • Read the Table of Contents.
  • Thumb through the book.
  • What impression do you have about the text?
  • After you have done all the above, go back and do it again in a more detailed way.
Here is a method that may work for you. If it does, good! If it does not, come back to this in a few weeks for a second (or third) look.


P = Preview what you are going to read.


Q = Question what you are going to learn after the preview.


3R = Read, Recite, and Review.


P = Preview what you are going to read

  • Uses less time than the Q and 3R steps
  • Can be very helpful
  • Look over carefully what you are going to read
  • Look for main ideas and subjects
  • Notice any new vocabulary
  • Form an impression about what you are going to read
  • Practice on this page – quickly look over the words that are in bold type

Q = Question

  • Form a question in your mind about what you are about to read and learn
  • Practice on this page — form a question like “Am I going to learn a better way to read?”

R = Read, Recite, and Review

  • Read – Read the assignment
  • Recite – Stop every once in a while, look up from the book, and put in your own words what you have just read
  • Practice on this page – R stands for read, recite, and review
  • Review – After you have finished, review the main points
  • Practice on this page – I did learn a system to improve my reading comprehension.
Index cards are usually 3 inches by 5 inches (3×5) or 4 inches by 6 inches (4×6). They are made of paper that is heavier than notebook paper. This page describes how you can use them for learning vocabulary (and other things, too!).


Flash Cards

  • Write the English word on one side and the word in the language you are learning on the other.
  • This is very helpful in learning a foreign language.
  • Write a specific subject’s vocabulary on one side and the definition on the other.
  • You might have a stack of biology vocabulary index cards and a separate stack of social studies vocabulary index cards.
  • Spend ten minutes every day (or longer) reviewing the words you need to learn.
  • Have someone quiz you often.
  • You can put aside (but do not throw out) the word and definitions that you have mastered.
  • You can also use them for: weekly spelling words, recipes, directions to a friend’s house, algebraic equations, the name of a book you want to read, the laws of physics…and many more things, too!
  • See other Index Cards pages for speeches and research papers.
  • You can do something very similar to this on a computer by using a database program.